List of fallacies in argument

logical fallacies list

Somebody refuses to answer questions about their claims, on the grounds that the asker is mean and has hurt their feelings. Tip: Try laying your premises and conclusion out in an outline-like form.

Ad hominem fallacy

The "Hero Busting" fallacy has also been selectively employed at the service of the Identity Fallacy see below to falsely "prove" that "you cannot trust anyone" but a member of "our" identity-group since everyone else, even the so-called "heroes" or "allies" of other groups, are all racist, sexist, anti-Semitic, or hate "us. Affirming The Consequent Fallacy: you may have like The Matrix even if you don't like Keanu Reaves, or in spite of the fact that he was in it, or maybe you liked him in it but hate him in everything else etc. Petito principii Latin word for question begging. In this fallacy one argues, "I feel it, so it must be true. They must have been so clever they destroyed all the evidence. So the death penalty should be the punishment for drunk driving. Radicans leaves. The False Analogy: The fallacy of incorrectly comparing one thing to another in order to draw a false conclusion. There are two standard explanations for the original meaning. Accident — an exception to a generalization is ignored. For example, in it was loudly reported that a class of contraceptive pills would double the chance of dangerous blood clots. Bandwagon Fallacy The bandwagon fallacy assumes something is true or right, or good because other people agree with it. No one can prove He doesn't exist. In that case, he may just be spreading a rumor. False Dilemma - These fallacies occur when someone is only given two choices for possible alternatives when more than two exist.

Hasty Generalization A hasty generalization is a general statement without sufficient evidence to support it. Therefore, God exists. Equivocation Putting forward an argument where a word changes meaning without having it pointed out. Psychogenetic Fallacy: if you learn the psychological reason why your opponent likes an argument, then he's biased, so his argument must be wrong.

types of fallacies and examples pdf

Amazing Familiarity: the speaker seems to have information that there is no possible way for him to get, on the basis of his own statements.

An example of this is the common assertion that America has "the best health care system in the world", an idea that this New York Times editorial refuted.

List of fallacies in argument
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Master List of Logical Fallacies