Afterhowever, the gender gap in earnings women's earnings divided by men's earnings began to narrow. In our study, we found that family disruption has the most harmful effects among Hispanics and least among blacks.
This dependency, while common, may reach far past childhood, damaging the child due to their lack of independence from their parent. Health care and child care are two areas in which poor two-parent families receive less government help than well-off two-parent families and impoverished single-parent families.
But the problems of the family are far more complex than the popular debate often suggests. Out-of-wedlock birth rates have been going up gradually since at least the early s. Women, ages 15—24, were more likely to live in a low socio-economic area, have one child, and not to have completed their senior year of high school.
American women have moved steadily toward economic independence throughout this century thanks to increased hourly wages, greater control over child-bearing, and technological advances that reduce time required for housework. The share of children who are living with an unmarried parent varies by race and ethnicity.
If some variant of President Clinton's proposal for universal coverage is adopted by Congress, this problem will be eliminated. Rather, strong steps should be taken to protect single mothers and children from abusive fathers.
According to the actual data: In More than half of the children born in will spend some or all of their childhood with only one parent, typically their mother. The Family Support Act of was a giant step toward redressing the failures of our child support system.
The percentage of children living with single parents increased substantially in the United States during the second half of the 20th century.