The reformation of christianity and the interaction of religions in the 16th and 17th centuries

martin luther reformation

One instance of mention was about how the fear of witches was not usually interchangeable with the fear of Catholics or Jews. These texts were inexpensive and easy to print: they required no more than a single sheet, and included only a description of the indulgence offered and an acknowledgement of the gift received.

Protestant reformation

Ulrich Zwingli[ edit ] Ulrich Zwingli, wearing the scholar's cap. However various Protestant elements rejected the Interim, and the Second Schmalkaldic War broke out in , which would last until Switzerland was to be divided into a patchwork of Protestant and Catholic cantons, with the Protestants tending to dominate the larger cities, and the Catholics the more rural areas. Gall , and marched to Kappel at the border to Zug. While Lutheranism gained a foothold among the German-speaking population, Calvinism became widely accepted among ethnic Hungarians. The entire process was spearheaded by the Council of Trent , which clarified and reasserted doctrine, issued dogmatic definitions, and produced the Roman Catechism. Although the rationalism of the Enlightenment alienated many people from the Christian faith , especially among the intellectuals of the 17th and 18th centuries, those who were alienated often kept a loyalty to the figure of Jesus or to the teachings of the Bible even when they broke with traditional forms of Christian doctrine and life. Thomas, Keith. The sack of Magdeburg in

Bartholomew's Day massacre of Augustwhen the Catholic Church annihilated between 30, andHuguenots across France. She writes about three major groups who were not members of the Roman Catholic Church, and therefore threatening to it: Jews, heretics, and witches.

At its height, in the spring and summer ofit involved an estimatedpeasant insurgents. During the formative period of modern Western history, roughly from the beginning of the 16th to the middle of the 18th century, Christianity participated in many of the movements of cultural and political expansion.

religious reformers

Protestant Reformation[ edit ] Countries by percentage of Protestants in — data source not specified The Renaissance yielded scholars the ability to read the scriptures in their original languages, and this in part stimulated the Protestant Reformation.

Elizabeth IQueen of England and Ireland.

The reformation of christianity and the interaction of religions in the 16th and 17th centuries

The documents below give a small sample of the different ways in which religious change drove the development of print culture.

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The Protestant Reformation, Magic, and Religion